van Vuuren, D. P. et al. How do integrated assessment models simulate climate change? Amendment 104, 255-285 (2011). From 2001 to 2010, catches, prices and landing values served as the basis for quantifying potential variations in the years when warming temperatures in the target area (-1.5 and 3.5 degrees Celsius) were reached. Projected variations in future catches have been estimated, combining historical capture figures with the results of ecosystem models, As Ctarget C is the projected capture in the year the target temperature is reached, C2001-2010 being the historical capture, and “MCPtarget-C” is the projected percentage change in THE MCP in the year the target temperature is reached compared to 2001-2010 (Figure 1). indicator (ii). Diaz, D. – Moore, F. Quantification of the economic risks associated with climate change. Nat. Clim Chang.
7, 774–782 (2017). These results are remarkable in several respects. First, other sources of animal protein (freshwater fishing, aquaculture and livestock) are also affected by climate change, meaning that the implementation of the agreement would protect more animal protein (17). Second, the estimated effects on catch, revenue, fisherman`s income and household budgets for developing countries that are more dependent on seafood are not trivial (Figure 3). Thus, in many small island developing states, seafood provides more than 50% of animal protein and the relative effects of losses for these regions will be much greater than the global average if the agreement`s global warming target is not met (Table 1 and Chart 3). Hallegatte, S. et al. Mapping the challenge of climate change. Nat. Clim Chang. 6, 663–668 (2016).
The objective of the Paris agreement is the same as that of the majority of Americans. The Paris Agreement is the first international climate agreement that contains commitments from developed and developing countries to combat climate change. That`s why the Chicago Council on Global Affairs found that 71 percent of Americans surveyed (57 percent of Republicans and 87 percent of Democrats) said the U.S. should continue to participate in the Paris Agreement. 1. Climate change measures could generate $26 trillion in economic benefits worldwide. According to a recent report by the World Commission on the Economy and Climate, we largely underestimate the economic benefits of combating climate change. The transition to a low-carbon economy could generate $26 trillion in global economic benefits by 2030. The report covered five sectors: energy, cities, food and land use, water and industry.
Ambitious measures in all these areas could result in net benefits relative to the status quo. 6. Investors are sending a clear message: act now. On the eve of the 2019 UN climate change summit, a group of 515 investors who managed $35 trillion in assets — nearly half of the world`s capital – called on heads of state and government to deal with the climate crisis with “extreme urgency.” These investors, representing the world`s largest pension funds and asset managers, understand that climate change threatens the stability of our societies, economies and the environment.