The EU has also concluded other international agreements and conventions that have an impact on fisheries. These include the commitment made at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development to bring fisheries back to the highest level in the long term (maximum sustainable yield) and to use an ecosystem approach in fisheries management by 2015. The EU is a party to the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). More than 20% of the EU`s ship catch is actually caught outside EU waters. 9.3% of EU catches (2014-18) are in the EEZ from third countries that are fisheries agreements with the EU, 2.2% in other third countries, while an additional 10% are caught on the high seas, mainly tropical tuna, in regions managed by regional fisheries organisations (ORPs). In 2007, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 61/105 on Sustainable Fishing. The first fisheries agreement between the EU and Mauritania dates back to 1987. The current Fisheries Partnership Agreement was concluded in 2006 and came into force on 1.08.2006. It was adopted by Regulation (EC) 1801/2006 of the Council of 30.11.2006 (OJ L 200 of 31.12.2006, p. 1). L343 of 8.12.2006). The EU is the world`s largest domestic fishing market and a net importer of fish and fish products.
These products can enter the EU market with zero or reduced tariffs from countries with which free trade agreements have been concluded by the EU or from developing countries benefiting from the EU`s System of Generalised Preferences (GSP). So many of the stocks involved are jointly exploited and quotas are exchanged to ensure that they are not wasted. Some of these stocks are managed by the Intergovernmental Northeast Atlantic Fisheries Agreement, established for the management of fisheries resources in the region, while others are managed by agreements between coastal states. The last protocol to the fisheries partnership agreement between the European Union and Madagascar was signed on 19 December 2014 and was established to cover the period between 1 January 2015 and 31 December 2018, with a financial contribution of EUR 6,107,500 for the entire duration of the protocol, of which EUR 2,800,000 was earmarked for aid to Madagascar`s fisheries policy. Since the adoption of UNCLOS, a number of agreements have been drawn up on how to achieve sustainable deep-sea fishing. One of them is the agreement on straddling and large migratory fish stocks (1995). Information and statistics on the EU fishing and aquaculture markets, employment, consumption and trade. Sustainable fisheries agreements with third countries are negotiated and concluded by the Commission on behalf of the EU. They allow EU vessels to fish in a regulated environment, based on excess stocks in the country`s exclusive economic zone (EEZ). These agreements also focus on the sustainability of resource and environmental use and ensure that all EU vessels are subject to the same rules of control and transparency.